To date most court E-filing has focused on civil litigation for a number of reasons. First, a majority of non-small-claims civil litigation is serviced by attorneys. This well-educated user base is generally motivated to reduce their operational costs. And with the use of E-filing in the USA Federal Courts being widespread, they are becoming very familiar with the technology. But state courts in particular are increasingly experiencing a significant transition in case participants to more and more self-representation. A recent compilation by the Knowledge and Information Services staff here at the NCSC reported that 66% of all cases heard in Minnesota courts involved the self-represented with a high of 81% of family cases. And Connecticut reported a 101% increase in the number of civil cases involving self-represented from 2005 to 2010.